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Inkscape keyboard and mouse reference

This document describes the default keyboard and mouse shortcuts of Inkscape, corresponding to the share/keys/default.xml file in Inkscape distribution. Most (but not all) of these keys are configurable by the user; see the default.xml file for details on how to do that.

Unless noted otherwise, keypad keys (such as arrows, Home, End, +, -, digits) are supposed to work the same as corresponding regular keys. If you have a new shortcut idea, please contact the developers (by writing to the devel mailing list or by submitting an RFE).

Content:  Tools  | Dialogs  · Open · Toggle visibility · Within a dialog  | Controls bar  · Access · Navigate · Change values  | Canvas  · Zoom · Preset zooms · Zoom history · Scroll (pan) · Guides, grids, snapping · Display mode  | Palette  | File  | Window  | Layers  | Object  · Undo/redo · Clipboard · Duplicate · Clone · Bitmaps · Patterns · Guides · Group · Z-order  | Path  · Convert to path · Boolean operations · Offsets · Combine · Simplify  | Selector  · Select (mouse) · Rubberband, touch selection · Select (keyboard) · Select within group, select under · Move (mouse) · Move (keyboard) · Transform (mouse) · Scale by handles · Scale (keyboard) · Rotate/skew by handles · Rotate (keyboard) · Flip · Rotation center · Cancel  | Node tool  · Select objects (mouse) · Select nodes (mouse) · Rubberband selection · Select nodes (keyboard) · Grow/shrink node selection · Move nodes (mouse) · Move nodes (keyboard) · Move node handle (mouse) · Scale handle (1 node selected) · Rotate handle (1 node selected) · Handles visibility · Scale nodes (>1 nodes selected) · Rotate nodes (>1 nodes selected) · Flip nodes (>1 nodes selected) · Change segment(s) · Change node type · Join/break · Delete, create, duplicate · Reverse · Edit shapes · Edit fills and path effects · Cancel  | Tweak tool  · Operation · Modes · Parameters  | Zoom tool  | Rectangle tool  · Draw · Select · Resize by handles · Round corners by handles  | 3D box tool  · Draw · Select · Edit by handles · Edit perspectives  | Ellipse tool  · Draw · Select · Edit by handles  | Star tool  · Draw · Select · Edit by handles  | Spiral tool  · Draw · Select · Edit by handles  | Pencil tool  · Create dots  | Pen (Bezier) tool  · Create nodes · Move last node · Create/modify segments · Create dots · Finish · Cancel  | Calligraphy tool  | Text tool  · Select/create · Navigate in text · Flowed text (internal frame) · Flowed text (external frame) · Text on path · Edit text · Select text · Style selection · Letter spacing · Line spacing · Kerning and shifting · Rotate  | Spray tool  · Modes · Parameters  | Eraser tool  | Paint Bucket  | Gradient tool  · Select objects · Create gradients · Select handles · Create/delete intermediate stops · Move handles/stops · Reverse · Gradient editor  | Dropper tool

Canvas

Zoom

=, + zoom in
- zoom out
The keypad +/- keys do zooming even when you are editing a text object, unless NumLock is on.
middle click, Ctrl +right click zoom in
Shift +middle click, Shift +right click zoom out
Ctrl +mouse wheel zoom in or out
When the "Mouse wheel zooms by default" option is on in Preferences, Ctrl+wheel scrolls instead of zooming. To zoom, use wheel without Ctrl.
Shift +middle button drag zoom into the area
Alt +Z activate zoom field
The zoom field in the lower right corner of the window allows you to specify zoom level precisely.

Preset zooms

1 zoom 1:1
2 zoom 1:2
3 zoom to selection
4 zoom to drawing
5 zoom to page
Ctrl +E, 6 zoom to page width

Zoom history

` (back quote) previous zoom
Shift +` next zoom
With these keys, you can travel back and forth through the history of zooms in this session.

Scroll (pan)

Ctrl +arrows scroll canvas
Scrolling by keys is accelerated, i.e. it speeds up when you press Ctrl+arrows in quick succession, or press and hold.
middle button drag pan canvas
Shift +right button drag, Ctrl +right button drag pan canvas
mouse wheel scroll canvas vertically
When the "Mouse wheel zooms by default" option is on in Preferences, mouse wheel zooms instead of scrolling. To scroll, use Ctrl+wheel.
Shift +mouse wheel scroll canvas horizontally
When the "Left mouse button pans when Space is pressed" option is on in Preferences, Space+mouse drag also pans canvas.

Guides, grids, snapping

mouse drag drag off a ruler to create guide
Drag off the horizontal or vertical ruler to create a new guideline. Drag a guideline onto the ruler to delete it.
mouse drag drag a guide to move it
Shift +mouse drag drag a guide (not near anchor) to rotate it
Shift + Ctrl +mouse drag rotate guide with angle snapping
Del delete guide
|, Shift +\ toggle guides and snapping to guides
If you want to see the guides but not snap to them, use the global snapping toggle (% key).
When you create a new guide by dragging off the ruler, guide visibility and snapping are turned on.
#, Shift +3 toggle grids and snapping to grids
If you want to see the grids but not snap to them, use the global snapping toggle (% key).
Note that only the 3 key on the main keyboard works, not on the keypad.
% toggle snapping on and off
This toggle affects snapping to grids, guides, and objects in all tools.

Display mode

Ctrl +keypad 5 toggle normal/no filters/outline mode

Object

Undo/redo

Shift + Ctrl +Y, Ctrl +Z undo
Shift + Ctrl +Z, Ctrl +Y redo

Clipboard

Ctrl +C copy selection
Ctrl +X cut selection
Ctrl +V paste clipboard
This places the clipboard objects at the mouse cursor, or at the center of the window if mouse is outside the canvas.
When editing text with the text tool, this pastes the text from the clipboard into the current text object.
Ctrl + Alt +V paste in place
This places the clipboard objects into the original location from which they were copied.
Shift + Ctrl +V paste style
This applies the style of the (first of the) copied object(s) to the current selection.
If a gradient handle (in Gradient tool) or a text span (in Text tool) are selected, they get the style instead of the entire object.
Ctrl +7 paste path effect
This applies the path effect of the copied path to the paths/shapes in current selection.

Duplicate

Ctrl +D duplicate selection
New object(s) are placed exactly over the original(s) and selected.

Clone

Alt +D clone object
A clone can be moved/scaled/rotated/skewed independently, but it updates the path, fill, and stroke from its original.
The clone is placed exactly over the original object and is selected.
You can only clone one object at a time; if you want to clone several objects together, group them and clone the group.
Shift + Alt +D unlink clone
Unlinking a clone cuts the link to the original, turning the clone into a plain copy.
Shift +D select original
To find out which object this is a clone of, select the clone and give this command. The original will be selected.

Bitmaps

Alt +B create a bitmap copy
This exports the selected object(s) (all other objects hidden) as PNG in the document's directory and imports it back.
The imported bitmap is placed over the original selection and is selected.
Shift + Alt +B trace bitmap
This opens the Trace Bitmap dialog allowing you to convert a bitmap object to path(s).

Patterns

Alt +I object(s) to pattern
This converts the selection to a rectangle with tiled pattern fill.
Shift + Alt +I pattern to object(s)
Each selected object with pattern fill is broken into the same object without fill and a single pattern object.

Guides

Shift +G object(s) to guide(s)

Group

Shift + Ctrl +U, Ctrl +G group selected objects
Use Ctrl+click to select objects within group.
Shift + Ctrl +G, Ctrl +U ungroup selected group(s)
This removes only one level of grouping; press Ctrl+U repeatedly to ungroup nested groups.

Z-order

Home raise selection to top
End lower selection to bottom
PgUp raise selection one step
PgDn lower selection one step

Path

Convert to path

Shift + Ctrl +C convert selected object(s) to path
Ctrl + Alt +C convert stroke to path

Boolean operations

Ctrl ++ union
Union combines any number of objects into a single path, removing overlaps.
Ctrl +- difference
Difference works on 2 objects, extracting the top from the bottom.
Ctrl +* intersection
Intersection creates a path representing the common (overlapping) area of all selected objects.
Ctrl +^ exclusive OR (XOR)
XOR is similar to Union, except that it works on 2 objects and removes areas where the objects overlap.
Ctrl +/ division (cut)
Division cuts the bottom object into pieces by the top object, preserving the fill and stroke of the bottom.
Ctrl + Alt +/ cut path
Cut Path cuts the bottom object's stroke only where it is intersected by the top path, removing any fill from the result.
The result of Union, Difference, Intersection, and XOR inherits the id= attribute and therefore the clones of the bottom object.
Division and Cut path normally produce several objects; of them, a random one inherits the id= of the bottom source object.

Offsets

Ctrl +( inset path (towards center)
Ctrl +) outset path (away from center)
The default offset distance is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +( inset path by 1 pixel
Alt +) outset path by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +( inset path by 10 pixels
Shift + Alt +) outset path by 10 pixels
The actual distance for pixel offsets depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer adjustment.
All the (, ) commands convert the object to path, if necessary, and produce regular path.
Ctrl +J create dynamic offset
Ctrl + Alt +J create linked offset
These commands produce an offset object, editable by the node tool, standalone or linked to the original.
Shift +D select source
Selecting a linked offset and giving this command will select the source path of the linked offset.

Combine

Ctrl +K combine paths
This is different from grouping in that combined paths create one object.
This is different from Union in that overlapping areas are not affected.
Whether overlapping areas are filled is controlled by the Fill: winding/alternating switch on the Fill & Stroke dialog.
Shift + Ctrl +K break paths apart
This attempts to break an object into constituent paths; it will fail if the object is one solid path.

Simplify

Ctrl +L simplify
This command attempts to simplify selected path(s) by removing extra nodes. It converts all objects to paths first.
If you invoke this command several times in quick succession, it will act more and more aggressively.
Invoking Simplify again after a pause restores the default threshold (settable in the Inkscape Preferences dialog).

Selector

Select (mouse)

click select an object
When you left-click on an object, previous selection is deselected.
Shift +click toggle selection
Shift+click adds an object to the current selection if it was not selected, or deselects it otherwise.
click+click edit the object
For paths, double clicking switches to Node tool; for shapes, to corresponding shape tool; for text, to Text tool.
For groups, double clicking performs the "Enter group" command (the group becomes a temporary layer).
Double clicking in empty space switches to the parent layer in the hierarchy, if any.

Rubberband, touch selection

mouse drag select by rubberband
Dragging around objects does "rubberband" selection; previous selection is deselected.
Shift +mouse drag add objects to selection
Normally, you need to start from an empty space to initiate a rubberband.
However, if you press Shift before dragging, Inkscape will do rubberband selection even if you start from an object.
Alt +mouse drag, Shift + Alt +mouse drag select by touch
Alt+dragging over objects selects those objects that are touched by the path.
To start touch selection with Alt, you must have nothing selected; otherwise use Shift+Alt.
You can switch rubberband selection to touch selection and back while dragging by pressing/releasing Alt.

Select (keyboard)

Tab select next object
Shift +Tab select previous object
These keys pick objects in their z-order (Tab cycles from bottom to top, Shift+Tab cycles from top to bottom).
Unless you did manual rearrangements, the last object you created is always on top.
As a result, if nothing is selected, pressing Shift+Tab once conveniently selects the object you created last.
This works on objects within the current layer (unless you change that in preferences).
Ctrl +A select all (current layer)
This works on objects within the current layer (unless you change that in preferences).
Ctrl + Alt +A select all (all layers)
This works on objects in all visible and unlocked layers.
! invert selection (current layer)
This inverts selection (deselects what was selected and vice versa) in the current layer.
Alt +! invert selection (all layers)
This inverts selection (deselects what was selected and vice versa) in visible and unlocked layers.
Esc deselect
Backspace, Del delete selection

Select within group, select under

Ctrl +click select within group
Ctrl+click selects the object at click point disregarding any levels of grouping that this object might belong to.
Shift + Ctrl +click toggle selection within group
Alt +click select under
Alt+click selects the object at click point which is beneath (in z-order) the lowest selected object at click point.
If the bottom object is reached, Alt+click again selects the top object. So, several Alt+clicks cycle through z-order stack at point.
On GNU/Linux, Alt+click and Alt+drag may be reserved by the window manager. Reconfigure it so you can use them in Inkscape.
If your keyboard has a Meta key, you may wish to set your "Modifier key" to use it instead of Alt.
(Sometimes you can also use Ctrl+Alt+click (select under in groups) with the same effect as Alt+click.)
Shift + Alt +click toggle under
Ctrl + Alt +click select under, in groups
Shift + Ctrl + Alt +click toggle under, in groups
Ctrl +Enter enter group
Ctrl +Backspace go to parent group/layer

Move (mouse)

mouse drag select + move
Dragging an object selects it if it was not selected, then moves selection.
Alt +mouse drag move selected
Alt+drag moves the current selection (without selecting what is under cursor), no matter where you start the drag.
On GNU/Linux, Alt+click and Alt+drag may be reserved by the window manager. Reconfigure it so you can use them in Inkscape.
If your keyboard has a Meta key, you may wish to set your "Modifier key" to use it instead of Alt.
Ctrl +mouse drag restrict movement to horizontal or vertical
Shift +mouse drag temporarily disable snapping
This temporarily disables snapping to grid or guides when you are dragging with grid or guides on.
mouse drag+Space drop a copy
When dragging or transforming with mouse, each Space leaves a copy of the selected object.
You can press and hold Space while dragging for a nice "trail."

Move (keyboard)

arrows move selection by the nudge distance
Shift +arrows move selection by 10x nudge distance
The default nudge distance is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +arrows move selection by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +arrows move selection by 10 pixels
The actual distance for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Transform (mouse)

click, Shift +S toggle scale/rotation handles
mouse drag scale (with scale handles)
mouse drag rotate or skew (with rotation handles)

Scale by handles

mouse drag scale
Ctrl +mouse drag scale preserving aspect ratio
Shift +mouse drag symmetric transformation
Holding Shift while transforming makes transformation symmetric around the center of the selection.
Alt +mouse drag scale by integer
Hold Alt while scaling to limit scale to 2, 3, 4, etc. or 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 etc. of the initial size.

Scale (keyboard)

., > scale selection up by the scale step
,, < scale selection down by the scale step
The default scale step is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Ctrl +., Ctrl +> scale selection to 200%
Ctrl +,, Ctrl +< scale selection to 50%
Alt +., Alt +> scale selection up by 1 pixel
Alt +,, Alt +< scale selection down by 1 pixel
The actual size increment for pixel scaling depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer scaling.
Scaling is uniform around the center, so that the size increment applies to the larger of the two dimensions.

Rotate/skew by handles

mouse drag rotate or skew
Ctrl +mouse drag snap skew angle
Holding Ctrl when dragging a skew (non-corner) handle snaps the skew angle to angle steps (default 15 degrees).
Ctrl +mouse drag snap rotation angle
Holding Ctrl when dragging a rotation (corner) handle snaps the rotation angle to angle steps (default 15 degrees).

Rotate (keyboard)

[, ] rotate selection by the angle step
The default angle step is 15 degrees. ] rotates clockwise, [ rotates counterclockwise.
Ctrl +[, Ctrl +] rotate selection by 90 degrees
Alt +[, Alt +] rotate selection by 1 pixel
The actual angle for pixel rotation depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.
These commands use the rotation center, draggable in Selector (by default it's in geometric center).

Flip

h flip selection horizontally
v flip selection vertically
If the tool is in rotate mode (rotation center visible), that center becomes the axis of flipping; otherwise it flips around geometric center of selection.

Rotation center

mouse drag move rotation center
Moved rotation center remembers and saves its position for (all) selected object(s); you can reset it.
Shift +mouse drag move without snapping
Shift +click reset rotation center
Resetting rotation center moves it back to the geometric center of the object's or selection's bounding box.

Cancel

Esc cancel rubberband, move, transformation
Press Esc while mouse button is still down to cancel rubberband selection, move, or transformation of any kind.

Node tool

Select objects (mouse)

click click a non-selected object to select
Alt +click select under
Shift +click toggle selection
These work the same as in Selector. The nodes or handles of the single selected object become editable.

Select nodes (mouse)

click select a node
Clicking on a node selects it.
click select two adjacent nodes
Clicking on a selected path between the nodes selects the two nodes closest to the click point.
Shift +click toggle selection
This adds/removes a node (if clicked on node) or two nodes (if clicked on path) to/from the node selection.
click deselect
Clicking in an empty space deselects all selected nodes. Next click will deselect the object.

Rubberband selection

mouse drag select multiple nodes
Dragging around nodes does "rubberband" selection; previous node selection is deselected.
Shift +mouse drag add nodes to selection
Normally, you need to start from a point not over a path or a node to initiate a rubberband.
However, if you press Shift before dragging, Inkscape will do rubberband selection even if you start over the path.

Select nodes (keyboard)

Tab select next node
Shift +Tab select previous node
These keys select nodes within the selected path.
Ctrl +A select all nodes in subpath(s)
If the path has multiple subpaths and some nodes selected, this selects all only in subpaths with already selected nodes.
Ctrl + Alt +A select all nodes in path
This selects all nodes in the entire path.
! invert selection in subpath(s)
If the path has multiple subpaths and some nodes selected, this inverts selection only in subpaths with already selected nodes.
Alt +! invert selection in path
This inverts selection (deselects what was selected and vice versa) in the entire path.
Esc deselect all nodes

Grow/shrink node selection

PgUp, PgDn grow/shrink selection (spatial)
mouse wheel grow/shrink selection (spatial)
Ctrl +PgUp, Ctrl +PgDn grow/shrink selection (along path)
Ctrl +mouse wheel grow/shrink selection (along path)
Your mouse pointer must be over a node for growing/shrinking.
Each key press or wheel click selects the nearest unselected node or deselects the farthest selected node.
Distance to nodes can be calculated directly (spatial mode) or along path.

Move nodes (mouse)

mouse drag move selected nodes
Ctrl +mouse drag restrict movement to horizontal or vertical
Ctrl + Alt +mouse drag move along handles
This restricts movement to the directions of the node's handles, their continuations and perpendiculars (total 8 snaps).
If the node has straight lines on one or both sides, this will snap it to these lines' directions and perpendiculars instead.
Shift +mouse drag temporarily disable snapping
Shift +mouse drag drag out handle
If a node has a retracted handle, dragging with Shift lets you drag it out of the node.
mouse drag+Space drop a copy
When dragging nodes with mouse, each Space leaves a copy of the selected object.
You can press and hold Space while dragging for a nice "trail."
Alt +mouse drag sculpt selected nodes
Sculpting moves the selected nodes so that the dragged node moves all the way, the farthest selected nodes stay put; all intermediate selected nodes move intermediate distances, governed by a bell-like curve.
Sculpting is pressure-sensitive with a tablet; press harder for a blunter drag profile, press lightly for a sharper profile.
To stop sculpting without losing the pressure-sensitive profile, release Alt first and then lift the pen.

Move nodes (keyboard)

arrows move selected node(s) by the nudge distance
Shift +arrows move selected node(s) by 10x nudge distance
The default nudge distance is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +arrows move selected node(s) by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +arrows move selected node(s) by 10 pixels
The actual distance for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Move node handle (mouse)

mouse drag move a node handle
Ctrl +mouse drag snap the handle to angle steps
The default angle step is 15 degrees. This also snaps to the handle's original angle, its continuation and perpendiculars.
Shift +mouse drag rotate both handles
Alt +mouse drag lock the handle length
Ctrl, Shift, Alt can be combined when dragging handles.
Ctrl +click retract the handle
Retracted handle is zero length; use Shift+drag to drag it back out.

Scale handle (1 node selected)

<, > contract/expand both handles by scale step
The default scale step is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels). May apply to more than one node.
Left Ctrl +<, Left Ctrl +> scale left handle by the scale step
Right Ctrl +<, Right Ctrl +> scale right handle by the scale step
Left Alt +<, Left Alt +> scale left handle by 1 pixel
Right Alt +<, Right Alt +> scale right handle by 1 pixel
The actual size increment for pixel scaling depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer scaling.
Instead of the < and > keys, you can use the , (comma) and . (period) keys respectively.

Rotate handle (1 node selected)

[, ] rotate both handles by the angle step
The default angle step is 15 degrees. ] rotates clockwise, [ rotates counterclockwise. May apply to more than one node.
Left Ctrl +[, Left Ctrl +] rotate left handle by the angle step
Right Ctrl +[, Right Ctrl +] rotate right handle by the angle step
Left Alt +[, Left Alt +] rotate left handle by 1 pixel
Right Alt +[, Right Alt +] rotate right handle by 1 pixel

Handles visibility

Ctrl +H toggle handles

Scale nodes (>1 nodes selected)

These commands scale the selected nodes as if they were an "object".
If mouse is over a node, that node becomes the axis of scaling; otherwise it scales around geometric center of selected nodes.
., > scale nodes up by the scale step
,, < scale nodes down by the scale step
The default scale step is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +., Alt +> scale nodes up by 1 pixel
Alt +,, Alt +< scale nodes down by 1 pixel
The actual size increment for pixel scaling depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer scaling.
Scaling is uniform around the center, so that the size increment applies to the larger of the two dimensions.

Rotate nodes (>1 nodes selected)

These commands rotate the selected nodes as if they were an "object".
If mouse is over a node, that node becomes the axis of rotation; otherwise it rotates around geometric center of selected nodes.
[, ] rotate nodes by the angle step
The default angle step is 15 degrees. ] rotates clockwise, [ rotates counterclockwise.
Alt +[, Alt +] rotate nodes by 1 pixel
The actual angle for pixel rotation depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Flip nodes (>1 nodes selected)

These commands flip the selected nodes as if they were an "object", around the center of that object.
h flip nodes horizontally
v flip nodes vertically
If mouse is over a node, that node becomes the axis of flipping; otherwise it flips around geometric center of selected nodes

Change segment(s)

Shift +L make line
Shift +U make curve
These commands require that more than two adjacent nodes be selected.

Change node type

Shift +C make cusp
First Shift+C changes type of node; if you do another Shift+C on an already cusp node, it retracts its handles.
Shift +S make smooth
If a cusp node is adjacent to a line segment, first Shift+S makes it half-smooth with one handle collinear with the segment; another Shift+S will expand a second handle.
Shift +Y make symmetric
When making smooth or symmetric, you can lock the position of one of the handles by hovering mouse over it.
Shift +A make auto
Ctrl +click toggle smooth/cusp/symmetric/auto

Join/break

Shift +J join selected nodes
This requires that exactly two end nodes within the path be selected.
You can lock the position of one of the two joined nodes by hovering mouse over it.
Alt +J join selected end nodes with new segment
Shift +B break selected node(s)
After break, only one of each two new nodes is selected. May apply to more than one node.

Delete, create, duplicate

Backspace, Del delete selected node(s)
Ctrl +Backspace, Ctrl +Del delete without preserving shape
Deleting without Ctrl adjusts handles on the remaining nodes to preserve the shape of the curve as much as possible.
Deleting with Ctrl does not touch the remaining nodes.
Alt +Del delete segment between two non-endpoint nodes
Ctrl + Alt +click create/delete node
Ctrl+Alt+click on a node deletes it; Ctrl+Alt+click on the path between nodes creates a new node in the click point.
Deleting nodes this way always tries to preserve the shape of the curve (same as Del/Backspace).
click+click create node
Double clicking on the path between nodes creates a node in the click point.
Ins, Shift +I insert new node(s)
This adds new node(s) in the middle(s) of selected segment(s), so it requires that more than two adjacent nodes be selected.
Shift +D duplicate selected node(s)
New nodes are created on the same path; they are placed exactly over the old ones and are selected.

Reverse

Shift +R reverse path direction

Edit shapes

Node tool can also drag the handles of shapes (rectangles, ellipses, stars, spirals). Click on a shape to select it.
See the corresponding shape tools for their editing shortcuts, all of which also work in node tool.

Edit fills and path effects

Node tool can also edit the handles of a pattern fill, gradient fill, and the editable handles of path effects.

Cancel

Esc cancel rubberband or move
Press Esc while mouse button is still down to cancel rubberband selection, node move, or handle move.

Pen (Bezier) tool

Create nodes

click create a sharp node
If no path is being created, this starts a new path.
Shift +click add to selected path
If a path is selected, Shift+dragging anywhere creates a new subpath instead of a new independent path.
mouse drag create a Bezier node with two handles
Shift +mouse drag move only one handle
This moves only one handle (instead of both) while creating a node, making it cusp.
Ctrl +mouse drag snap the handle to angle steps
The default angle step is 15 degrees.

Move last node

These commands move the last created node (at the start of the red segment) while creating a path.
arrows move last node by the nudge distance
Shift +arrows move last node by 10x nudge distance
The default nudge distance is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +arrows move last node by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +arrows move last node by 10 pixels
The actual distance for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Create/modify segments

Ctrl snap last segment to angle steps
This snaps the new node's angle, relative to the previous node, to angle steps (default 15 degrees).
Shift +L make last segment line
Shift +U make last segment curve
These commands change the last (red) segment of the path to straight line or curve.

Create dots

Ctrl +click create a dot (straight line modes only)
This creates a small circle. Its size (relative to the current stroke width) can be set in Preferences.
Shift + Ctrl +click create a double-sized dot
Ctrl + Alt +click create a random-sized dot

Finish

Enter finish current line
right click finish current line
click+click finish current line
Enter, right click, or double left click finish the current line, discarding the last unfinished (red) segment.

Cancel

Esc, Ctrl +Z cancel current line
Backspace, Del erase last segment of current line

Text tool

Select/create

click create/select a text object
Clicking in an empty space or on a non-text creates a text object; now you can type your text.
Clicking on a text object selects it; cursor is placed near the click point.
Esc deselect the text object

Navigate in text

arrows move cursor by one character
Ctrl +Left arrow, Ctrl +Right arrow move cursor by one word
Ctrl +Up arrow, Ctrl +Down arrow move cursor by one paragraph
Home, End go to beginning/end of line
Ctrl +Home, Ctrl +End go to beginning/end of text
PgUp, PgDn move cursor by one screen
All these commands cancel current text selection, if any. Use them with Shift to extend selection instead.

Flowed text (internal frame)

mouse drag create flowed text
Clicking and dragging in an empty space or on a non-text creates a flowed text object with internal frame.
mouse drag adjust frame size
Dragging the handle in the lower right corner of the selected flowed text changes width/height of the frame.
Ctrl +mouse drag lock width, height, or ratio of frame
Dragging the corner handle with Ctrl resizes the frame preserving either width, or height, or ratio.

Flowed text (external frame)

Alt +W flow text into frame
With a text object and a shape/path selected, this flows text into the shape/path.
Both remain separate objects, but are linked; editing the shape/path causes the text to reflow.
Shift + Alt +W unflow text from frame
This cuts the flowed text's link to the shape/path, producing a single-line regular text object.
Shift +D select external frame
To find out which object is the frame of this flowed text, select it and press Shift+D. The frame will be selected.

Text on path

Shift +D select path from text
To find out which path this text is put on, select it and press Shift+D. The path will be selected.

Edit text

To type + and - characters, use the main keyboard; keypad + and - are reserved for zoom (unless NumLock is on).
Enter start a new line or paragraph
Enter in regular text creates new line; in flowed text it creates a new paragraph.
Ctrl +U toggle Unicode entry
To insert an arbitrary Unicode character, type Ctrl+U, then the hexadecimal code point, then Enter.
For example, type Ctrl+U 2 0 1 4 Enter for an em-dash; Ctrl+U a 9 Enter for a copyright sign.
To stay in Unicode mode after inserting the character, press Space instead of Enter.
Press Esc or another Ctrl+U to cancel Unicode mode without inserting the character.
Ctrl +Space insert no-break space
A no-break space is visible even in a text object without xml:space="preserve".

Select text

mouse drag select text
Left-dragging over a text object selects a text span.
Shift +arrows select text by character
Shift + Ctrl +arrows select text by word
Shift +Home, Shift +End select to beginning/end of line
Shift + Ctrl +Home, Shift + Ctrl +End select to beginning/end of text
Shift +PgUp, Shift +PgDn select one screen up/down
click+click select word
click+click+click select line
Ctrl +A select all text
This selects the entire text of the current text object.

Style selection

Ctrl +B make selection bold
Ctrl +I make selection italic
Also, you can use the Text&Font or Fill&Stroke dialogs to assign any style to text selection.

Letter spacing

Alt +> expand line/paragraph by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +> expand line/paragraph by 10 pixels
Alt +< contract line/paragraph by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +< contract line/paragraph by 10 pixels
These commands (only when editing text) adjust letter spacing in the current line (regular text) or paragraph (flowed text).
The actual adjustment for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer adjustment.

Line spacing

Ctrl + Alt +> make the text object taller by 1 pixel
Shift + Ctrl + Alt +> make the text object taller by 10 pixels
Ctrl + Alt +< make the text object shorter by 1 pixel
Shift + Ctrl + Alt +< make the text object shorter by 10 pixels
These commands (only when editing text) adjust line spacing in the entire text object (regular or flowed).
The actual adjustment for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer adjustment.

Kerning and shifting

Alt +arrows shift characters by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +arrows shift characters by 10 pixels
These commands work when editing a regular text object. Kerning does not work in flowed text.
With no selection, they shift (horizontally or vertically) the characters after the cursor until the end of line.
With selection, they shift the selection relative to the rest of text (by inserting opposite kerns at both ends of selection).
The actual adjustment for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer adjustment.

Rotate

Ctrl +[, Ctrl +] rotate character(s) by 90 degrees
Alt +[, Alt +] rotate character(s) by 1 pixel
These commands rotate the next character (without selection) or all characters in the selection (with selection).
Rotation only works in regular text (not flowed text).
The actual angle for pixel rotation depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Gradient tool

Select objects

click click an object to select
Alt +click select under
Shift +click toggle selection

Create gradients

mouse drag create gradient
This creates gradient on selected objects. The Controls bar lets you select linear/radial and fill/stroke for the new gradient.
click+click create default gradient
This creates default (horizontal edge-to-edge for linear, centered edge-to-edge-to-edge for radial) gradient on clicked object.

Select handles

click select a handle
Shift +click add handle to selection
Shift +mouse drag select by rubberband
Tab select next handle
Shift +Tab select previous handle
Ctrl +A select all handles
Esc deselect all handles
Single click outside all handles also deselects all handles.

Create/delete intermediate stops

Ctrl + Alt +click create a stop
click+click create a stop
Ctrl+Alt+click or double click on a gradient line creates a new intermediate stop.
Ctrl + Alt +click delete stop
Ctrl+Alt+click on a stop's handle deletes the stop; if it was an end stop, gradient shortens or disappears.
Ins insert new stop(s)
This adds new stop(s) in the middle(s) of selected segment(s), so it requires that more than two adjacent handles be selected.
Del delete selected stops

Move handles/stops

mouse drag move selected handle(s)
Ctrl +mouse drag move stops in 1/10 range increments
Ctrl+dragging selected intermediate stops moves them snapping to 1/10 steps of the available range.
Alt +mouse drag sculpt selected stops
Sculpting moves the selected intermediate stops depending on how close each one is to the stop being dragged, using a smooth bell-like curve similar to the node sculpting feature in Node tool.
arrows move selected handle by the nudge distance
Shift +arrows move selected handle by 10x nudge distance
The default nudge distance is 2 px (SVG pixel units, not screen pixels).
Alt +arrows move selected handle by 1 pixel
Shift + Alt +arrows move selected handle by 10 pixels
If at least one end handle is selected, arrow keys move the end handle to move or resize the gradient line.
If only mid stops are selected, arrow keys move the selected stops along the gradient line.
The actual distance for pixel movements depends on zoom level. Zoom in for finer movement.

Reverse

Shift +R reverse gradient definition
This mirrors the stop positions of the current gradient without moving the gradient handles.

Gradient editor

click+click open gradient editor
Double clicking a gradient handle opens the Gradient Editor with that gradient and the clicked handle chosen in the stops list.